Variable Details:


Schaubroeck, John (2000), "Collective Efficacy Versus Self-Efficacy in Coping Responses to Stressors and Control: A Cross-Cultural Study", Journal of Applied Psychology, 85, 512-525.



  • One's level of confidence in mobilizing his or her energy and choosing the appropriate response strategy in a given task situation.


  • I have confidence in my ability to do my job.
  • I doubt my ability to do my job.
  • I am very proud of my skills and abilities.


  • Riggs, M.L., J. Warka, and B. Barbosa (1994), "Development and Validation of Self-Efficacy and Outcome Expectancy Scales for Job-Related Applications.", Educational and Psychological Measurement, 54, 793–802. [Endnote]