Wood, Joanne V., Sara A. Heimpel, and Ian R. Newby-Clark (2005), "Snatching Defeat From the Jaws of Victory: Self-Esteem Differences in the Experience and Anticipation of Success", Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 764-780.
- Participants were asked the following: “Think about previous experiences you have had that involve your cognitive abilities. Describe one such memory in detail. What happened? What did you think and feel?”