Variable Details:


Crocker, Jennifer, and Amy Canevello (2008), "Creating and Undermining Social Support in Communal Relationships: The Role of Compassionate and Self-Image Goals", Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 555-575.




  • One person’s success depends on another person’s failure.
  • In order to succeed in this world, it is sometimes necessary to step on others along the way.
  • My successes don’t mean much if most other people succeed at the same task.
  • An accomplishment is only really meaningful if it is rare.
  • To give to others usually requires a sacrifice on the part of the giver.
  • I believe that people are basically self-interested.