Variable Details:


Reifenstein, Karen (2007), "Care-Seeking Behaviors of African American Women with Breast Cancer Symptoms", Research in Nursing and health, 30, 542-557.



  • Degree to which twelve items influenced participants' seeking of medical care for a breast symptom.


  • The high cost of transportation and/or parking.
  • Insurance (or medical coverage) does not cover a vistit for a health problem.
  • The high cost of a health visit.
  • The long wait between making an appointment and the actual appointment.
  • Difficulty in finding time in my work day for an appointment.


  • Lauver, D. (1994), "Care-seeking behavior with breast cancer symptoms in White and African American women", Research in Nursing and health, 17, 421-431. [Endnote]
  • Sechrist, K.R., S.N. Walker, and N.J. Pender (1987), "Development and psychometric evaluation of the exercise benefits/barriers scale", Research in Nursing and health, 10, 357-365. [Endnote]