Variable Details:


Knauth, Donna, and Elizabeth Skowron (2004), "Psychometric Evaluation of the Differentiation of Self Inventory for Adolescents", Nursing Research, 53, 163-171.



  • The ability to preserve a degree of autonomy, or “self,” in relationships with others.


  • I’ll never lose sense of who I am.
  • I usually do not change my behavior simply to please another person.
  • I’m fairly self-accepting.
  • I do what I think is right.
  • Do what I believe is right.
  • Feel pretty stable under stress.
  • Comfortable disagreeing with others.


  • Skowron, E.A., and T.A. Schmitt (2003), "Assessing interpersonal fusion: Reliability and validity of a new DSI Fusion with Others subscale", Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 29, 209-222. [Endnote]
  • Skowron, E.A., and M.L. Friedlander (1998), "The Differentiation of Self Inventory: Development and initial validation", Journal of Counseling Psychology, 45, 235-246. [Endnote]