Variable Details:


Perraud, Suzanne, Louis Fogg, and Edwin Kopytko (2006), "Predictive Validity of the Depression Coping Self-Efficacy Scale (DCSES)", Research in Nursing and health, 29, 147-160.



  • Functional impairment levels in ambulatory and hospitalized psychiatric patients.


  • I am doing as well at work/school as I used to.
  • I get along well at work/school.
  • I have difficulty managing day-to-day responsibilities.
  • I find it more difficult to complete tasks than I used to.
  • I am doing my part in my relationships with my family.


  • Fogg, L., J. Zinke, and E. Spertus (2000) , "Development of the RBO-31: Reliability and sensitivity to change", Chicago, Rush University, Department of Medicine.