Compeau, Deborah R., and Christopher A. Higgins (1995), "Computer Self-Efficacy: Development of a Measure and Intial Test", MIS Quarterly, 19, 189-211.
- Thompson, Ronald L., Jane M. Howell, and Christopher A. Higgins (1991), "Personal Computing: Toward a Conceptual Model of Utilization", MIS Quarterly, 15, 125-143. [Endnote]
- Heinssen, R. K. (1987), "Assessing Computer Anxiety: Development and Validation of the Computer Anxiety Rating Scale", Computers in Human Behavior, 3, 49-59. [Endnote]
- Lloyd, Brenda. H., and Clarice Gressard (1984), "Reliability and Factorial Validity of Computer Attitude Scales", Educational and Psychological Measurement, 44, 501-505. [Endnote]